Seventy-four percent of voters support abolishing nuclear power after a phase-out period, compared with 14 percent opposed, an Asahi Shimbun survey found.
According to the nationwide telephone survey on June 11 and 12, 37 percent support nuclear power generation, while 42 percent are opposed.
Even among those who support nuclear power generation, more than 60 percent support phasing out nuclear power generation and abolishing it at a later date.
In a survey in April, 50 percent supported nuclear power generation, while 32 percent opposed. But opponents outnumbered supporters in a survey in late May, at 42 percent versus 34 percent.
In the latest survey, 50 percent of female respondents were opposed, up from 37 percent in the April survey.
The increase of male opponents was more moderate from 27 percent to 34 percent.
The latest survey received valid responses from 1,980 voters.
Voters were asked if they support restarting nuclear power plants shut down for regular inspections on condition that safety measures required by the government are taken.
Fifty-one percent support restarting them, while 35 percent are opposed.
In 13 prefectures that host nuclear power plants, the percentages of opponents were slightly larger than the national average.
Sixty-four percent said renewable energy such as wind and solar power will replace nuclear energy in the future, while 24 percent said they do not think so.
Sixty-five percent said the percentage of renewable energy in total electricity generation should be increased even though electricity fees are raised.
Nineteen percent said the percentage should not be increased if electricity fees are raised.
Voters were almost equally split over a government panel's proposal to gradually raise the consumption tax rate to 10 percent by fiscal 2015 to finance social security, with 43 percent supporting it and 44 percent opposed.
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