American pitcher Brad Penny was released by the Softbank Hawks after appearing in just one game for the Pacific League team, becoming the latest in a long list of former major league players to struggle to adjust to Japan's unique brand of baseball.
The Hawks cut Penny on May 8, granting the player's request to be released. In his one appearance in Japan against the Rakuten Eagles on April 4, the veteran right-hander gave up six runs, four earned, on seven hits while walking three in 3 1/3 innings for a 10.80 earned run average.
The 33-year-old Penny, who went 11-11 for the Detroit Tigers in 2011, signed a one-year, $3 million contract in February to play for the Hawks.
The Japan Series champion Hawks lost three top-of-the rotation pitchers in the offseason and needed to make a statement to their fans by signing a marquee pitcher.
But Penny complained of soreness in his shoulder and said he had trouble adjusting to the softer pitching mound at Japanese stadiums. Japanese media reported that Penny refused to take part in team practices and meetings. Given his major league pedigree, the team was willing to let Penny work out on his own schedule.
Penny had a hard time adjusting to living and playing in Japan. While many former major leaguers thrive in Japan, the transition is not easy.
"It takes a certain kind of ballplayer to make it in Japan,'' said author Robert Whiting, who has written several books on Japanese baseball. "I guess Penny wasn't one of those players. It's a sad day when $3 million isn't enough to keep you in Japan.''
Many of the best foreign players in Japan are ones that weren't established major leaguers before they came over. Tuffy Rhodes, Randy Bass and Alex Ramirez are among the most successful players to make the switch to Japan.
Penny isn't the only former major league player to struggle in Japan.
When it comes to playing in Japan, former Los Angeles Dodgers infielder Jim Lefebvre, who played here from 1973-1976 summed it up best: "If you want to succeed in Japan, you have to forget everything you learned in the United States and pretend you are a rookie. Do everything they tell you and you just might make it.''
Following is a look at some other players whose careers in Japanese baseball were cut short by an inability to adapt to the Japanese way.
A capsule look at some of Japanese baseball's high profile exits:
Kevin Mitchell -- After a solid career with several major league teams, including the New York Mets and the San Francisco Giants, Mitchell opted to play in Japan after the strike-shortened 1994 season joining the then Daiei Hawks.
The veteran outfielder arrived in Japan to much fanfare after signing a record $4.5 million one-year deal. He hit a grand slam on opening day in 1995 but angered management when he abruptly left the team in midseason for treatment for knee problems.
Dan Miceli -- After posting a 6-6 record with a respectable 3.59 ERA for the Houston Astros in 2004, Miceli signed with the Yomiuri Giants in 2005. The Central League team was hoping the veteran right-hander would be a solid late-inning pitcher, but he lost his first two games and became the fastest player to be released in Giants' history, lasting just four games.
To make matters worse, Japan's sports newspapers ran a front-page photo of a smiling Miceli taking in the sights of Tokyo on a rickshaw the day after he was released.
Joe Pepitone -- The former New York Yankees player and author of Joe, You Coulda Made Us Proud, was hardly a source of pride in Japan where he was widely known as one of the biggest busts in Japanese baseball.
Pepitone accepted an offer of $70,000 to play for the Yakult Atoms in 1973 but he hit .163 with one home run and two RBIs in just 14 games.
Pepitone gained a reputation for missing games and claiming injury only to be spotted at discos in Tokyo's bustling late-night entertainment districts. His behavior led the Japanese to adopt his name into their vernacular as a word meaning to ``slack off.''
Brian Bannister -- The son of major league all-star Floyd Bannister. After a brief major league career with the New York Mets and Kansas City Royals, Bannister joined Yomiuri for the 2011 season, but left Japan after the earthquake and tsunami, citing fears over the nuclear crisis at the Fukushima No. 1 power plant.
After being placed on the restricted list for the Giants, the 31-year-old pitcher retired stating he had no further plans to play in either Japan or the United States.
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