An adult T-cell leukemia cancer cell, center (Provided by Kaoru Uchimaru, associate professor at the University of Tokyo’s Institute of Medical Science)
Scientists find AIDS medicine kills type of leukemia cancer cell
Researchers from Kyoto University have discovered that a drug used to treat AIDS also kills adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) cancer cells, a finding that offers hope to tens of thousands of sufferers in Japan.
Shinya Yamanaka, head of Kyoto University's Center for iPS Cell Research and Application (Asahi Shimbun file photo)
Pharmaceutical giant joining forces with leading iPS cell institute
Japan’s largest pharmaceutical company is teaming up with a pioneering research institute headed by Nobel Prize laureate Shinya Yamanaka to develop medicines using induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells.
Osaka prefectural officials in protective suits transport a person in an Ebola emergency drill in November. (Asahi Shimbun file photo)
Researchers successfully test vaccine for more effective treatment for Ebola
Japanese and U.S. researchers have successfully tested an Ebola vaccine on a monkey species in what could be a silver-bullet breakthrough in the fight against the deadly disease.
The lungs of mice infected with influenza viruses that have been injected with fluorescent protein genes (Provided by Yoshihiro Kawaoka)
Scientists develop technique to track flu virus without killing test animal
Japanese researchers have found a way to observe the spread of the influenza virus inside living tissue without the need to dissect, a development that may herald more effective treatments for conditions like pneumonia.
The interactive robot to be used in research to assist children with developmental disorders (Taku Hosokawa)
Researchers employ interactive robots to help children with developmental disorders
NAGOYA--Researchers from three universities here are conducting a five-year study to determine if children with developmental disorders can improve their communication skills by interacting with a communicative robot.
Evacuees from the Fukushima nuclear accident undergo radiation exposure testing at an evacuation center in Fukushima on March 15, 2011. (Asahi Shimbun file photo)
Team develops method to estimate thyroid radiation dosage soon after Fukushima accident
A team of researchers has developed a method to more precisely estimate the doses of radiation to the thyroid glands of people who received medical examinations shortly after the Fukushima nuclear crisis unfurled.
The Asahi Shimbun
Scientists regenerate damaged nerve cells with hybrid artificial cells
Researchers in Osaka have developed a hybrid nerve cell in mice that could lead to treatment for nerve damage that is less invasive on patients than current methods.
Five-year-old Honoka Takeda and her mother, Midori, check out the kindergartener's new prosthetic hand on March 12 at the Hyogo prefectural government office in Kobe. (Takeshi Shimawaki)
2 young girls first to get limbs from Hyogo prosthetic arm bank
KOBE--Kindergartner Honoka Takeda was born without a left hand, so she could only watch as her classmates scrambled over the playground jungle gym.
Cancer patients share their experiences at an exchange meeting in Maebashi, Gunma Prefecture, on Feb. 14. (Asahi Shimbun file photo)
Urine tests with roundworms could simplify cancer screenings
Japanese scientists have discovered that wormlike nematodes are attracted to the smell of urine from cancer patients, a finding that may pave the way for simple, low-cost tests to detect the disease.
The Asahi Shimbun
Research group creates cartilage tissue from human iPS cells
Researchers at Kyoto University created cartilage tissue from human induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells and successfully transplanted it into a pig, a feat that has promising applications in regenerative medicine.
"Robear" moves a person from a bed to a wheelchair in a cradle hold during a demonstration in Nagoya on Feb. 23. (Minako Yoshimoto)
'Bearish' nursing-care robot gently assists patients
NAGOYA--Scientists have developed a robot that resembles a polar bear but can gently carry elderly people or help them stand upright.
The Asahi Shimbun
Drink more black tea for stronger bones, researchers say
More black tea may just be what people with fragile bones need to maintain a healthier skeleton, according to research published Feb. 24 by Japanese scientists.
A patient undergoes glaucoma screening. (Asahi Shimbun file photo)
Japan scientists crack 'recipe' for optic nerve cells using iPS technology
Japanese researchers have created optic nerve cells using iPS cells for the first time, a development expected to lead to more effective treatments for glaucoma and other eye diseases.
The Asahi Shimbun
GM rice may be the holy grail in alleviating hay fever symptoms, researchers say
Researchers in Japan are taking a novel approach in their quest to develop strains of genetically modified rice to boost defenses against hay fever, a condition that makes life a misery for innumerable sufferers.
A patient consults with a doctor about gout symptoms. (Asahi Shimbun file photo)
Gene discovery may lead to better drug therapy for gout
Japanese researchers have identified genetic mutations that may trigger episodes of gout, a finding that could lead to more effective treatments for sufferers.
The Asahi Shimbun
Scientists recover rats' heart functions though iPS cell-derived sheets
Researchers have revived the cardiac functions of rats that suffered heart attacks by transplanting cell sheets derived from induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells into their hearts.
The Asahi Shimbun
10 deaths reported following use of newly marketed diabetes drugs
Ten people suffering from diabetes mellitus died after taking a new class of medications that have been on the market since last April, according to an Asahi Shimbun analysis.
A public playground in Tokyo's Chiyoda Ward has a space for smokers, although this man is ignoring the rules. (Asahi Shimbun file photo)
Kids with parents who light up much more likely to be hospitalized for asthma
Children with parents who smoke at home are at greater risk of being hospitalized in their early years, a long-term study shows.
A patient undergoes screening for gastric cancer. (Asahi Shimbun file photo)
Scientists to Japanese men: Eat your veggies, reduce stomach cancer risk
Japanese men can reduce their risk of developing lower stomach cancer simply by eating a lot of vegetables, researchers at the National Cancer Center and other institutions found.
Epipen, a drug to attenuate allergy symptoms (Asahi Shimbun file photo)
Survey: Many doctors deviate from standard treatments for allergy patients
Many Japanese physicians are treating allergic reactions in ways that are inconsistent with expert guidelines, depriving patients of more effective means to alleviate their symptoms, according to a health ministry survey.

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